This division was based on a number of what were thought to be key morphological characteristics. The 65% of people in Himachal Pradesh are attached to the agricultural sector. Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) State Language : Hindi & Local Dialects: Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited by human beings since the dawn of civilization. Of the remaining three sections, monotypic Viscidula was discontinued by moving Rhododendron nipponicum to Tsutsusi (C), while Rhodora (2 species) was itself polyphyletic and was broken up by moving Rhododendron canadense to section Pentanthera (B) and Rhododendron vaseyi to section Sciadorhodion, which then became a new section of subgenus Azaleastrum (C). Xenophon described the odd behaviour of Greek soldiers after having consumed honey in a village surrounded by Rhododendron ponticum during the march of the Ten Thousand in 401 BCE. [11], Although Rhododendrons had been known since the description of Rhododendron hirsutum by Charles de l'Écluse (Clusius) in the sixteenth century, and were known to classical writers (Magor 1990), and referred to as Chamaerhododendron (low-growing rose tree), the genus was first formally described by Linnaeus in his Species Plantarum in 1753. Shimla: Snow Leopard would be the new State Animal, Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus) to be State Bird and Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) to be the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh. The next two smaller subgenera (Pentanthera and Tsutsusi) represent the 'Azaleas'. [52], In the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, rhododendron flowers have been used for some time to make popular fruit and flower wines. Well, we have arranged a lot of stuff in this section. Of the first two of these, the species are predominantly found in the area of the Himalayas and Southwest China (Sino-Himalayan Region). Its leaves are traded as … Records of the Rhododendron Society of America reside at the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia. Shivalik Fossil Park in the Sirmaur district has a collection of prehistoric vertebrate fossils and skeletons. From dry scrub vegetation with broad leaved trees spread out over the lower Shivalik mountains, to deep coniferous and oak forests of the mid hills and the alpine pasture lands found above the treeline, the flora of Himachal is as diverse as the land. [2], The 300 tropical species within the Vireya section of subgenus Rhododendron occupy the Malay archipelago from their presumed Southeast Asian origin to Northern Australia, with 55 known species in Borneo and 164 in New Guinea. Some hybrids have fragrant flowers[67]—such as the Loderi hybrids, created by crossing Rhododendron fortunei and R. ravenswood , shimla) [33], A number of closely related genera had been included together with Rhododendron in a former tribe, Rhodoreae. A green pearl in the Himalayan crown, Himachal Pradesh is blessed with a rich flora and fauna that graces the land with grandeur and majesty. and Registration Act 2002, Himachal Pradesh Miscellaneous Adventure Activities Rules 2017, Scheme for Interest Subvention on Working Capital Loan for Hospitality Industry, Safety Guidelines for Tourists visiting Himachal Pradesh, '50 Saal Ke Rang Paryatan Ke Sang' Online campaign at https://himachal.mygov.in/. The land contains high mountains.In traditional Indian geography it falls under the North Indian zone. and R. maximum). Himachal Pradesh boasts of a wide variety of fauna which include approximately 463 bird, 80 fish, 77 mammalian, and some 44 reptile species. The major finding of Goetsch and colleagues was that all species examined (except R. camtschaticum, subgenus Therorhodion) formed three major clades which they labelled A, B and C, with the subgenera Rhododendron and Hymenanthes nested within clades A and B as monophyletic groups respectively. Yes, it does! Cullen of the Edinburgh group, placing more emphasis on the lepidote characteristics of the leaves, united all of the lepidote species into subgenus Rhododendron, including four of Sleumer's subgenera (Rhododendron, Pseudoazalea, Pseudorhodorastrum, Rhodorastrum). [69], Rhododendron species have long been used in traditional medicine. Also known as the Greyhound, anglers consider this fish that can weigh upto 70 Kgs as one of the finest sport-fish found in the Himalayan belt. [72] Xiong et al. The nineteenth-century American poet and essayist Ralph Waldo Emerson in 1834 wrote a poem titled "The Rhodora, On Being Asked, Whence Is the Flower", In Joyce's Ulysses, rhododendrons play an important role in Leopold and Molly's early courtship: Molly remembers them in her soliloquy – "the sun shines for you he said the day we were lying among the rhododendrons on Howth head in the grey tweed suit and his straw hat the day I got him to propose to me". It’s natural habitat is forested areas with rocky outcrops having caves. HIMACHAL PRADESH State Flower: Bell Rhododendron Botanical Name: ... Family: Ericaceae Etymology: ‘Rhododendron ... pink-tinged white or pink to rosy purple. have found that the root of the plant is able to reduce the activity of NF-κB in rats. The Chief Commissioner’s province of Himachal Pradesh came into being on 15th April 1948. Shimla: Snow Leopard would be the new State Animal, Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus) to be State Bird and Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) to be the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh. The industry is promoted by the state government with tax benefits, looking to promote this industry as a full-fledged subclass of its economy. March . The Pink Rhododendron, i.e. In addition to the two separate genera included under Rhododendron by Chamberlain (Ledum, Tsusiophyllum), Goetsch et al.. added Menziesia (Clade C). Spread over 307 square kilometers, this wetland began to attract winter migratory birds from as far as the Arctic region and Siberia soon after the Pong Dam was built on River Beas in 1975. In recent times, more than 220 bird species of 54 families have been recorded in this wetland. Individual hybrids of rhododendrons have been grafted on to a rootstock on a single rhododendron plant that was found growing in a chalk quarry. The aromatic musk scent glands found only in adult males are for attracting mates. Q 60:- List of Famous (Most Popular) Festivals and Fairs in Himachal Pradesh? With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. It covers an area of 56,019 km² (21,629 mi²), although the border with China is still disputed. Snow Leopard, Jujurana, Deodar, Pink Rhododendron are the State animal, State bird, State tree, State flower respectively. State Flower - PINK RHODODENDRON . UNESCO World Heritage site Great Himalayan National Park and Pin Valley National parks are two famous national parks, besides, 30 wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh. [11] The centres of diversity are in the Himalayas and Malaysia,[40] with the greatest species diversity in the Sino-Himalayan region, Southwest China and northern Burma, from Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Nepal, Sikkim, Nagaland to northwestern Yunnan and western Sichuan and southeastern Tibet. Climate of Himachal Pradesh : The Himalaya constitute the highest mountain system of the world. State Flower of Himachal. The state also has famous Pong Dam Lake, which is visited by lakhs of migratory birds from as far as Siberia every winter. Pink Rhododendron is now the state flower of Himachal. Standing 6 feet tall at the shoulder, the massively built yak is a long haired bovine found in the higher Himalayan region. )[41], Subsequent research has supported the revision by Goetsch, although has largely concentrated on further defining the phylogeny within the subdivisions. The genus Rhododendron of Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) has been enumerated in the present paper. Following are some basic facts about Himachal … There are more benefits if you read this post completely. With the recognition of Punjab on 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to it were also included in Himachal Pradesh. A new calcium-tolerant stock of rhododendrons (trademarked as 'Inkarho') has been exhibited at the RHS Chelsea Flower Show in London (2011). The larger subgenera are further subdivided into sections and subsections[45] Some subgenera contain only a single section, and some sections only a single subsection. griffithianum. Of these Tsutsutsi (Tsutsusi), Pentanthera, Pogonanthum, Ponticum and Rhodora are still used, the other sections being Lepipherum, Booram, and Chamaecistus. An anglers sporting delight, both Brown and Rainbow trout are also commercially farmed as table fish. Q57: Which Tree has status as state Tree of Himachal Pradesh? According to the reports of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Pink Rhododendron comes under the endangered species of flower. The Species of Rhododendron[26] referred to this series concept as the Balfourian system. For a comparison of the Sleumer and Chamberlain systems, see Goetsch et al. It is a very beautiful flower with pink coloured petals. There are over 28,000 cultivars of Rhododendron in the International Rhododendron Registry held by the Royal Horticultural Society. On 25th January 1971, Himachal Pradesh … Of the three minor subgenera, all in C, two were discontinued. Black bears are very aggressive towards humans and is counted among the most deadly animals of India. Rhododendron … Decisions to designate these were taken in the 3rd State Wild Life Board Meeting. Pink rhododendron is the state flower. Extensive information on rhododendron species: the history of their discovery, botanical details, toxicity, classification, cultural conditions, care for common problems, and suggestions for companion plants by Steve Henning. The four sections of Pentanthera between clades B and C, with two each, while Azaleastrum had one section in each of A and C. Thus subgenera Azaleastrum and Pentanthera needed to be disassembled, and Rhododendron, Hymenanthes and Tsutsusi correspondingly expanded. State Flower: Pink Rhododendron; State Tree : Deodar Cedar (Cedrus deodara) GEOGRAPHY. They are distinguished from "true" rhododendrons by having only five anthers per flower. This is the official website of Department of Tourism & Civil Aviation, Government of Himachal Pradesh. March . The small polyphyletic subgenera Pentanthera and Azaleastrum were divided between two clades. Genus Menziesa (9 species) was also added to section Sciadorhodion. State Flower: Pink Rhododendron; Benefits of practicing Himachal Pradesh GK Quiz. Some Interesting Facts. Calyx is 5-lobed. This pheasant can be spotted in the higher reaches of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kangra, Kullu and Chamba mountains. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश) (Punjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪ੍ਰਦੇਸ਼) is a state in northern India. Snow Leopard would be the new State Animal, Western Tragopan (Jujurana) (Tragopan melanocephalus) to be State Bird and Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) to be the State Flower of Himachal Pradesh. It is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh . Himachal is … The first two subgenera (Rhododendron and Hymenanthes) represent the species commonly considered as 'Rhododendrons'. It is a very popular destination for tourists and adventure travelers due to it's natural beauty. Maximovicz used flower bud position and its relationship with leaf buds to create eight "Sections". State Flower: Pink Rhododendron. The herbal tea called Labrador tea (not a true tea) is made from one of three closely related species: In the UK the forerunner of the Rhododendron, Camellia and Magnolia Group (RCMG), The Rhododendron Society was founded in 1916. [34] Chamberlain and Rae moved the monotypic section Tsusiopsis together with the monotypic genus Tsusiophyllum into section Tsutsusi,[35] while Kron & Judd reduced genus Ledum to a subsection of section Rhododendron. It is made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. In addition, rhododendrons can easily be suffocated by other plants or evergreen trees that grow up around them and block sunlight. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was … Road transport is the most popular mode in hilly terrain. The land contains high mountains.In traditional Indian geography it falls under the North Indian zone. Its scientific name is Rhododendron campanulatum. It is a very popular destination for tourists and adventure travelers due to it's natural beauty. Friday April 01, 2011 10:04:55 AM, Vishal Gulati, IANS. It covers an area of 56,019 km² (21,629 mi²), although the border with China is still disputed. Himachal Chief Minister said that Snow Leopard, popularly known as the Mountain … [citation needed], The rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal, where the flower is considered edible and enjoyed for its sour taste. Larger commercial growers often ship long distances; in the United States, most of them are on the west coast (Oregon, Washington state and California). As new species of what are now considered Rhododendron were discovered, if they seemed to differ significantly from the type species they were assigned to separate genera. Pink Rhododendron : State Tree: Devdar: Renowned as Deva Bhumi (the land of gods), Himachal Pradesh is a beautiful hill state situated in Northern India. This genus has been progressively subdivided into a hierarchy of subgenus, section, subsection, and species. Ideal for beginners, Brahmatal Trek offers a picture-perfect outing in the Himalayas as the colourful rhododendron trees dot your trail with red, pink and white eye candies en route to the summit. This majestic bird is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. Home to an extremely hostile habitat of snow mountain ranges, the snow leopard is a powerful predator preying mainly upon blue sheep and the ibex. Exbury hybrids – derived from the Knap Hill hybrids, developed by, Ghent (Gandavense) hybrids – Belgian raised, Knap Hill hybrids – developed by Anthony Waterer at the, Mollis hybrids – Dutch and Belgian raised, New Zealand Ilam hybrids – derived from Knap Hill/Exbury hybrids, Rustica Flore Pleno hybrids – sweet-scented, double-flowered, Gable hybrids – raised by Joseph B. Gable in, Glenn Dale hybrids – US raised complex hybrids, Indian (Indica) hybrids – mostly of Belgian origin, Kyushu hybrids – very hardy Japanese azaleas (to −30 °C), Oldhamii hybrids – dwarf hybrids raised at, Satsuki hybrids – Japanese raised, originally for, Vuyk (Vuykiana) hybrids – raised in the Netherlands, Azaleodendrons – semi-evergreen hybrids between deciduous azaleas and rhododendrons, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 21:10. Kullu is linked to the national capital, New Delhi (570 km), Chandigarh (267 km), Pathankot (285 km) and Shimla (270 km) as well as by tourist luxury buses of Himachal Pradesh … Rhododendron ponticum has become invasive in Ireland[47] and the United Kingdom. State Flower of Himachal Pradesh: Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) Pink Rhododendron (Rhododendron campanulatum) is now the state flower of Himachal. 17. Sleumer based his system on the relationship of the flower buds to the leaf buds, habitat, flower structure, and whether the leaves were lepidote or non-lepidote. UNESCO World Heritage site Great Himalayan National Park and Pin Valley National parks are two famous national parks, besides, 30 wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh. Rhododendrons can be propagated by air layering or stem cuttings. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh … The rootstock is able to grow in calcium-rich soil up to a pH of 7.5. Following the cladistic analysis of Goetsch et al. [49], Rhododendron bud blast, a fungal condition that causes buds to turn brown and dry, and not open, is caused by the fungus Pycnostysanus azaleae, which may be brought to the plant by the rhododendron leafhopper, Graphocephala fennahi.[50](p562). Mythological Importance. Most species have brightly colored flowers which bloom from late winter through to early summer.[6]. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. © Copyright 2019, Department of Tourism & Civil Aviation, Government of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla is the capital of Himachal Pradesh. Ans: Pink Rhododendron. The shaggy beast has been domesticated and besides providing meat, fibre, milk and hide, yaks also serve as the beasts of burden in Spiti, Lahaul and parts of Chamba. Geographically, Himachal Pradesh can be divided into three distinct regions, the Shivalik or outer Himalayas, middle Himalayas or the inner Himalayas, and greater Himalayas or the alpine zone. Himachal day is celebrated on 15th April every year. The pickled flower can last for months and the flower juice is also marketed. State Flower : Pink Rhododendron. 16: The people of Himachal Pradesh are employed or self-employed in an agricultural field. India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. 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