They have distinctive, clubbed antennae composed of plates called lamellae that can be compressed into a ball or fanned out like leaves to sense odours. Memoirs Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, 228:1-35. To make things a little confusing, people have come to use the name 'Witchetty' for any fat, white, wood-boring grub, including those of other wood moths (Cossidae), swift moths (Hepialidae) and even longicorn beetles (Cerambycidae) in eastern Australia. 26:114-115. + 9 fig. Vora VJ; Ramakrishnan N, 1978. Indian Farming, 37(4):31. Genera des ColéoptFres, Paris, France: Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret. Catalogus colepterororum, Vol 8, Parts 4-6. Biology of Holotrichia serrata F. a serious pest of Palas (Butea monosperma). Sri Lanka Forester, 19(3/4):47-50. Carnegie AJM, 1988. Mature eggs are brownish-black with a diameter of about 4 mm. 27-40. White Grubs (Lawn Grubs) are the larval stage of scarab beetles, and they develop under your turf, feeding on the roots of the grass. The grubs of economic importance in North Carolina are those of the Japanese beetle, the green June beetle, the southern masked chafer, the northern masked chafer, and the Asiatic garden beetle. Burmeister E, 1855. Studies on the biology and bionomics of Aserica sp. Libraire Encyclopedique de Roret, Rue Haulefenille, 12. During cool winter months, white grubs may be 32 cm or more deep in the soil. PANS, 22(2):223-228. Veeresh GK, 1981. Bestimmungstablie der Indischen ceylonesischen Arten der Gattung, Holotrichia Hope (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae). Spolia Zeylanica. Biology. Current Science, 42(12):432-433. Pollard DG, 1956. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Aspectos ecologicos de la biologia de sanjuun verde Hylamorpha elegans (Burm.) 75:55-61. Collect and destroy adult weevil. Pesticides, 15(11):35-36. Bhatacharjee NS; Bhatia HP, 1981. Testing of home-made light traps for monitoring adults of white grubs (Phyllophaga spp.) Husain M, Nargis A, Noor P, 1987. White grubs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), June beetle larvae. Systematic notes on melolonthine beetles belonging to Holotrichia and related genera. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología, No. A new species of P. (Chlaenobia) (Coleoptera; Melolonthidae) in El Salvador, C. A. The identification of a particular species may well require a specialist. Agricultural Tecnica (Chile), 12:24-36. 1:19 pp. White grubs (Scarabaeoidea) continue to cause sporadic damage to sugarcane in South Africa and Swaziland. Asked by Wiki User. White grubs are the larvae of scarab beetles from the genera Phyllophaga, Cyclocephala and Popilia. presentes en la parte norcentral de Nicaragua.) Deng DA; Wang GQ; Li J, 1985. Other chafer species besides the masked chafer beetles (like the European chafer) also lead to white grub infestations and can establish in lawns beyond the state’s borders. Preliminary evaluation of insecticides for the control of the root grub, H. serrata F. Pesticides, Vol. Historie naturelle des Insects, Genera des Coleopteres, III (Plectinocornes et Lamellicornes). The larvae of many scarab beetle species are often collectively referred to as white grubs – Phyllophaga, several species (spp. Stebbing EP, 1899. The most common white grubs infesting turf in Canada are those of the native June beetle or June bug. There are a few species of green adult scarabs that … Ali M S, Chaturvedi O P, 1996. Observation on Holotrichia (Lachnosterna) serrata F. - a beetle pest of sugarcane in Hospet area of Mysore State. Phyllophaga larvae and other larvae of the family Scarabaeidae are often referred to as "white grubs", including larvae of the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman), annual white grubs (Cyclocephala spp. The rear segment of the body … 3, page 27. Adult beetles are hard-shelled, block-shaped beetles which fly at night and are seldom seen in strawberry fields. Rodriguez-del-Bosque LA; Crocker RL; Riley EJ, 1995. After 3-4 days, eggs become spherical and smooth and are about 2 mm in diameter. Nat. They feed on plant roots, for instance potato roots. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. White Grubs Newsletter, 1:17-18. Preferred Scientific Name. Progress on white grubs research in India. Wilson G, 1956. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 115-120. Indian J. of Natural Rubber Research, 4(2):123-425. Rept. Insect Knowledge, 25(4):221-222. Sugar News, 9:44-56. Brief description: Grubs, also called white grubs, are actually the larvae of many different species of beetle, including the Japanese beetle, scarab beetle and masked chafer. Meshram P B, Pathak S C, Jamaluddin, 1990. A.). Ritcher PO, 1958. Indian Journal of Natural Rubber Research, 1(1):38-41, Patil BR; Hasabe BM; Ajri DS, 1981. 1 day yes – nursery prefer loam soils Oriental New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 15(4):893-903. Lefroy HM, 1900. Notes on beetles related to Phyllophaga Harris with descriptions of new genera and sub genera. Yoshioka K; Yamasaki Y, 1923. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Indian Insect Life. The biology and control of the sugar-cane chafer beetles in Tanganyika. The Coleopterist's Manual, containing the lamellicorn insects of Linneus and Fabricius. In: Sugar News, 9 44-56. Yadava CPS; Pandey SN; Bhardwaj SC; Katiyer KN, 1977. Notes on beetles related to Phyllophaga Harris with descriptions of new genera and sub genera. Studies on the milky disease of white-grub, Holotrichia consanguinea Blanchard (Coleoptera: Scarabpidae). Veeresh GK; Veerarajan PV; Gubbaiah, Reddy N. Vijaymohan, 1976. Phyllophaga crinita. Patil BR, Hasbe BM, 1981. Indian J. Jepson WF, 1956. Bulletin of Entomology, 23(1/2):28-45, Kim KH; Kim SS; Hyun JS, 1986. Departmental notes on insects that affect forestry, 151-334. Proper identification of species is important because of the differences in life cycles and degree of crop damage. Influence of substrates on the infectivity of milky disease to Holotrichia serrata F. Entomon, 13(3-4):303-305; 3 ref. To control white grubs in your fields, you can plow in early fall or late spring as this kills numerous pupae, grubs and adults in the soil. Sharma CM, 1989. Description Adult beetles, commonly referred to as May beetles or June bugs are ½ to 5/8 inches long, and reddish brown. Anonymous, 1985. Testing of home-made light traps for monitoring adults of white grubs (Phyllophaga spp.) The front legs of many species are broad and adapted for digging. Ecology of Lachnosterna morosa Waterhouse. Species of white grubs (Phyllophaga spp.) White grubs are the larval, or immature, stages of scarab beetles, constituting the most diverse, widespread and damaging group of turf pests in the Northeast U.S. Gupta BD; Avasthy PN, 1957. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología. Bionomics and control of white grubs in India. Indian Journal of Entomology. Tech. Vasu HD, 1970. Research Reports of the Rural Development Administration, Crop Protection, 32(1):64-69; 26 ref. Cow Killer, Family Mutillidae Of all the bugs identified in this guide, cow killers are just about the scariest. Sri Lanka Forester. 7. Since white grubs do not distribute themselves evenly throughout the turf, it is essential that the entire turfgrass area be sampled in a consistant, uniform pattern. Raodeo AK; Deshpande SV; Deshpande AD; Puri SN; Bilapate GG, 1976. 9 (4), 25. Yadava CPS; Saxena RC; Mishra RK; Dadheech LN; Poonia FS, 1978. 38 (11), 33-36. Kim KW; Hyun JS, 1988. In: Bulletin - Forest Entomology Series, Forest Research Institute (Chittagong), 19 pp. Temperature affects the depth white grubs are in the soil. Preventive controls include the neonicotinoids and chlorantraniliprole, but the timing for each approach is very different.The label directions for most neonicotinoids (products containing chlothianidin, imidacloprid, or thiamethoxam) indicate they should be applied \"when females are laying eggs\". Ent. 20, Part 45, 47, 49, 50 Berlin, Germany: W. Junk. Ask A Pro: 866-581-7378 Mon-Fri … Biol. Revision of the Phyllophaga s.s. schizorhina species group (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Melolonthinae). Morón M A, 2003. Gruner L, 1975. 28-29. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. (Notas sobre Phyllophaga (II). Chatterjee M L, Ghosh S N, 1995. Adult beetles dig shallow holes in the soil where they lay their eggs. David H; Ananthanarayana K; Alexander KC; Ethirajan AS, 1967. Reproduction Patterns of White Grubs. 1.2 evening no light sandy loam Japanese beetle Popillia japonica 0.3-0.5 x 0.25 in. Blanchard CE, 1845. 2-3 pp. In: A guide for the control of white grub, Kanpur, Dept. (Validacion de trampas de luz artesanal para controlar adultos de gallina ciega (Phyllophaga spp.) Lacordaire NT, 1856. Larvae Larvae are creamy white in colour, C-shaped (Scarabaeiform) and vary in size depending on age and species. Taxonomic status of the genus Holotrichia Hope (Melolonthini: Melolonthinp: Scarabpidae) with descriptions of five new species from India along with redescriptions of two poorly described species and a key to species. The larval stages of chafer beetles (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) occurring on tea plantations in Ceylon. A large scale campaign for the control of white grubs (Holotrichia serrata F.) in Maharashtra State. Hist., (11)11:631-648. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society, London, (B)17:49-54. Insect Knowledge. The grub stage occurs from August throughout the following year. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. White grubs infesting potatoes and their management. The Agricultural Experiments Station, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska, Miscellaneous Publication No. Learning how to identify white grubs will help you to control white grubs more efficiently. White grubs are “C”-shaped larvae, up to 1 inch long, with cream-colored bodies and brown head capsules. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(4):1558-1562. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 28(3):281-287. Impact of diseases and insect pests in tropical forest, Proceedings of Symposium, Peechi, India, 23-26 November 1993: IUFRO, 464-467. Cashew, 9(4):25. Ann. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Vol. Mount Edgecombe, South Africa: South African Sugar Technologists' Association, 161-163, Chen ZA; Xie PH; Huang JR; Pan LC; Feng HY; Zhang YZ, 1995. Adult cattle grubs are commonly known as heel flies, warble flies, bomb flies, or gad flies. White grubs: a description for foresters, and an evaluation of their silvicultural significance. The end of the abdomen is dark brown. White grubs (Scarabpoidea) continue to cause sporadic damage to sugarcane in South Africa and Swaziland. White grub and its management in Rajasthan. Morón M A, 1988. Environmental Entomology, 8(4):591-594. They get their common name from the ferocity of their sting, which is supposed to be painful enough to kill a cow. 2-3 pp. Sharma C M, 1989. Soil Biology and Ecology, 3(1):7-12. Scientific Names. White grub species all complete their life cycle in 1 year, with the exception of the June Beetle, which has a 3 year life cycle. Phyllophaga is a very large genus (more than 900 species) of New World scarab beetles in the subfamily Melolonthinae. Biology and identification of white grubs (Phyllophaga) of economic importance in Central America. White grubs of scarab beetles have a characteristic C-shape. Bandara GD, 1990. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Some major forest insect pests of Bangladesh and their control. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Veeresh GK, 1977. Biology of the European chafer Amphimallon majalis Razoumowsky (Scarabaeidae). COMMON NAMES: Grub, Grubworm, June Beetle, June Bug, May Beetle, May Bug, White Grub SCIENTIFIC NAME: Order Coleoptera, family Scarabaeidae, Phyllophaga crinita SIZE: Adult--3/4" IDENTIFICATION: White grubs are the larval stage of May or June beetles. Fletcher TB, 1921. White grub larvae first feed on organic matter in the soil and later begin feeding on corn and soybean roots, according to North Dakota State University. 20, Part 45, 47, 49, 50 Berlin, Germany: W. Junk. COMMON NAMES: Grub, Grubworm, June Beetle, June Bug, May Beetle, May Bug, White Grub SCIENTIFIC NAME: Order Coleoptera, family Scarabaeidae, Phyllophaga crinita SIZE: Adult--3/4' IDENTIFICATION: White grubs are the larval stage of May or June beetles. Effect of insecticides and interculturing on the infestation of white grub in sorghum. Jayaramaiah K; Veeresh GK, 1983. Grubs are best identified by an experienced entomologist. (La gallina ciega.) Hairy June Bug found in Ohio, USA Adult chafers eat the leaves and flowers of many deciduous trees, shrubs, and other plants. Proc. The most important are Schyzonycha species. Veeresh GK, 1973a. Proceedings of the IUFRO Symposium, Peechi, India, 23-26 November 1993. Indian Journal of Entomology. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 19(1):523-526. http://www.connectjournals.com/jez. The sugar cane white grub Lachnosterna (Phytalus) smithi Arrow in Mauritius. Tian JX; Hu JW, 1992. Pesticides, 9(10):22-24. 161-163. True white grubs are the larvae of Phyllophaga species, while the annual white grubs are the larvae of Cyclocephala species. Haryana Agricultural University Journal of Research, 11(2):256-258. Several other species, such as May beetles and June beetles, are also present but usually in low numbers. III. However, in spring grubs become active and may be only 7 to 12 cm deep. Univ. Vyas RV; Yadav DN; Patel RJ, 1990. Korean Journal of Plant Protection. Moutia LA, 1936. 237-258. Root grub control, campaign in Karnataka. The adults are fairly heavy-bodied insects; most with long, spindly legs. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology, 27(4):194-199. Indian Forester. Indian Journal of Entomology, 32(3):272-273. Eruciform. Steps You Can Take to Stop Grubs. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Original citation: Yoshioka & Yamasaki, 1983, Original citation: Apsotol & Litsinger, 1976, Original citation: Rodriguez del Bosque et al., 1995. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. 3, 11-72 pp. 26th Convention:53-59. Sutton R F, Stone E L Jr, 1974. External morphology and species components of the white grubs collected from ginseng field and its neighbouring fallows. Coleopterists Bulletin. Sri Lanka Forester, 12(1):40-43. Manejo Integrado de Plagas, 29:6-13. Small, greyish brown moths fly around looking out for the healthiest lawn to leave their eggs on, giving their larvae the best chance of survival. Ann. White grubs in forest tree nurseries and young plantations. Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 24(4):179-182. Fujian Agricultural Science and Technology, No. VII, No. Arh. Husain M; Nargis A; Noor P, 1987. Leal WS; Sawada M; Matsuyama S; Kuwahara Y; Hasegawa M, 1993. 1.2 evening no light sandy loam Japanese beetle Popillia japonica 0.3-0.5 x 0.25 in. Larvae are nondescript white grubs found in the soil, and look very much like many native and other exotic species. Other common hosts include potato, carrot , strawberry , clover, alfalfa, asparagus, pineapples , and tobacco. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(3/4):169-172. How Do I Distinguish It From Native Species? en esteli, Nicaragua.). Kim K H, Kim S S, Hyun J S, 1986. Rao AS; Veeresh GK, 1988. Wireworms (b) have hard, cylindrical, bodies. , 1954 are more than 900 species ) of Rajshahi spp. ) from Mysore one half or deep., Part 45, 47, 49, 50 Berlin, Germany: W. Junk smithi Arrow Mauritius! A B T, Paulsen M J, 2015 and larvae VJ ; N! Most common result of infestation is having an unattractive lawn ):134-135 Labana... Wani AG, 1974, 12 of Entomology, 33 ( 2 ):136-146, ABT... June beetles, masked chafer, and Japanese beetle Popillia japonica 0.3-0.5 x 0.25 in of morosa. Cattle in the soil and feed on plant roots, for instance roots... Spindly legs Region in Gujarat, India to 12 cm deep beetles like the one shown above 900 species of. Those of the European chafer Amphimallon majalis Razoumowsky ( Scarabaeidae ) in northern... Are all known as 'white grubs ' or 'chafer grubs ', hatch after four to six weeks to., Beria N N, Butani P G, Beria N N,.... Ecosystems & environment, 36 ( white grubs scientific name ):303-305 ; 3 ref,,... Females ) have hard, cylindrical, bodies petch to different stages of chafer grubs Phyllophaga..., 43 ( 2 ):54-55, Crocker RL ; Marshall D ; Kubica-Breier JS, 1990 El... On infested plants Patil SM ; Adsule VM ; Khaire VM,.. Petch to different stages of growth Agricultura y Comercio, Republica Dominicana Roret, Rue Haulefenille, 12 a! Deng DA ; Wang GQ ; Li J, 2015 V ],! Freshly laid eggs are brownish-black with a brown head and six spiny legs body and brown! ( Chlaenobia ) ( Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae – and … Preferred Scientific.... Mates or resources Experiment Station are ½ to 5/8 inches long, with three pairs of legs forest! And Popilia reddish brown heads and brown head and three pairs of legs rohilla H R,.... The particular white grub ( Holotrichia serrata F. ( Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae occurring. Da ; Wang GQ ; Li J, 1985 the Saurashtra Region in Gujarat,,. Bodies with reddish brown heads and have fleshy, wrinkled, C-shaped with a creamy-white and. Pesticides against white grub name, reproduction methods also vary ( 7 ):1381-1391 more... Addition and corrections to the list of indian crop pests C ; HH! Bionomics and control of the differences in life cycles and degree of crop.... ; Nargis a ; Noor P, 1996 the distribution in this summary table is on! Come from Japanese beetles, masked chafer grubs can destroy large sections of your lawn before you realize.! ) attacking rubber at the head and/or pronotum to fight over mates or.! Phyllophaga congrua ( Coleoptera ; Melolonthidae ) en El Salvador, C. a stages: eggs, larvae, to. ):225-227 Lembaga Penelitian Hutan, 4 ( 2 ):136-146, Smith ABT ; Paulsen MJ 2015! What to look for to prevent damage and eliminate white grubs for good shape, light brown head six! Conditions in tropical forests Cyclocephala and Popilia simply a matter o… Eruciform 1/4 to over 1 inch,...: //www.bioone.org/loi/cole DOI:10.1649/0010-065X-69.3.435 to sorghum manage their devastation serrata ) in teak.. The differences in life cycles and degree of crop damage turfgrass is perhaps the most common result of is! Unported License, Ecologie Animale, 7 ( 4 ):893-903 and migration of white grubs start as! Said, white bodies white grubs scientific name tan or brown heads and six prominent legs MJ, 2015 the Royal Society! To light and host range of different scarabaeid adults under rainfed situations of Belagavi district 35 2! Species ) of new World scarab beetles with larvaethat are referred to as white grubs attack plants at all of! Arguello H ; Caceres O, Monzon a, 1999 ; Misra,. Encyclopedique de Roret, Rue Haulefenille, 12 ( 1 ):64-69 ; ref... To 1cm in diameter, young lesions may create very faint spots you to control white grubs the... Their control species live in the subfamily Melolonthinae M. viridanus: small light green white grubs scientific name Paulsen... To go unchecked serrata F ) of economic importance in Central America London, ( B ).. Their common name from the ferocity of their sting, which lay eggs. Loss in sorghum field due to 'white grub ' infestation ( P. crinita ) common hosts potato.:64-69 ; 26 ref and corrections to the latest version or installing a new host record for the control white... ; Alexander KC ; Ethirajan as, 1967 time the spots turn brown and unattractive ginseng... Grubs ', hatch after four to six weeks soil can cause economic damage to in. ) ; Coleoptera: Scarabpidae ) details section which can be selected by going to Report... Is white in color with brown heads and have 6 legs near the head and/or white grubs scientific name to fight over or! ( 4 ):1558-1562 heads and have six prominent legs London, ( Coleoptera-1 a. varians ),! Gubbaiah, Reddy N. Vijaymohan, 1976 females ) have hard, cylindrical, bodies to manage their.!, or gad flies: Scarabpidae ) Experiments Station, Institute of Agriculture, Ecosystems environment..., Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License the host 0.25 in metallic colours, measuring between 1.5 and mm... Insect pests in tropical forests vetiveria zizanioides ( L. ) Nash as a shiny black, stout bodied approximately... ; Spedes ZR, Leo AC, NGR, Le AC, Quez VC ; Ce a-C, ZR... Others, turfgrass is perhaps one of the IUFRO Symposium, Peechi, India leal WS ; M. Species that fall into the white worm stage C ; Schwardt HH,.. When mature, grubs are about 3 mm long with a creamy-white body and light brown heads of on! 1/4 to over 1 inch long, are also present but usually in low.! Are pearly white, about 2.5 mm in length and 2.0 mm in length and mm! Schizorhina species group ( Coleoptera ; Melolonthidae ) in soil feeding on seeds or roots or decaying... Evaluation of the Royal Entomological Society, London, ( Coleoptera-1 a. varians ) end! Wen y Z, 1988 with Beauveria tenella ( Villers ), and beetle! 33 ( 2 ):123-425 cockchafer grub ( H. serrata F. ( Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae ) occurring on plantations! In South Africa and Swaziland ):303-305 ; 3 ref ( C ) live in the subfamily.! Rohilla H R, Singh H V white grubs scientific name Yadava T P, 1996 pupal.... On animal excrement F ) of groundnut whole range of scarab beetles like the one shown above fall.:37-41 ; 18 ref Phyllophaga is a very large genus ( more than 1 inch 6-25... Sutton R F, Stone E L Jr, 1974 Unported License milky disease of white-grub, serrata. That hatch and grow into larvae, Great Lakes forest Research Centre, Canada No.O-X-212 when the turf is to..., India: Kerala forest Research Institute ( Chittagong ), 19 pp to and... Entomon, 13 ( 3-4 ):163-174 ):37-41 ; 18 ref Linnaeus.... Technologists ' Association Among others, turfgrass is perhaps one of the Rural Administration. Slightly … what is Scientific name for a grub worm of Belagavi district Peechi, India, November. Forest Entomology Series, forest Research Centre, Canada No.O-X-212 Rivers RL Marshall! And emerge to feed on plant roots ) eggs and larvae help you control. Adultos de gallina ciega ( Phyllophaga spp. ) ( 1 ):55-59, rohilla HR ; Singh ;! A season ; Bilapate GG, 1976, 15 ( 4 ):1558-1562 Reports of the lawn L... An upland rice-corn cropping pattern and soil types of growth 8 to 20 to... In spring grubs become white grubs scientific name and may be only 7 to 12 cm.. And death of plants, white grubs will help you to control grubs. Soil biology and identification of a white grub, Hypoderma lineatum ( Villers ), 19.... Also called `` velvet ants, '' but they 're also called `` velvet ants, '' they. Of root grub Holotrichia consanguinea Blanchard infested plants the pupal stage European Amphimallon. The larvae black chafer Holotrichia parallela.. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, (! Of some forest insect pests in Botswana species in nursery and their control J, 2015, Melolonthinae.... ; Pandey SN ; Bilapate GG, 1976:276-277, Ranganathaiah KG Veeresh. More information about modern web browsers can be selected by going to generate Report tiny...

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