If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. The scientific name of Lupine is the botanical name or formal name. The last record of its existence in Canada is a collection made from the same area in 1929. Habitat: Prefers open areas (including gravel), grassy alpine slopes, moist tundra, heath and woodland.Lupines are well adapted to northern climates, and can enrich soils that have low nitrogen levels. Bluebonnets, including the Texas bluebonnet (L. texensis), are the state flowers of Texas, USA. Lupine in Spanish can be different from Lupine in English. Proceedings 12th International Lupin Conference, Fremantle, Australia; International Lupin Association, Canterbury, New Zealand. Fly larvae (maggots) feed on developing seeds within apparently intact seed pods. Hence, scientific name of Lupine is used worldwide. [19] Because of the cross-allergenicity of peanut and lupin, the European Commission, as of 2006, has required that food labels indicate the presence of "lupin and products thereof" in food. Lupinus polyphyllus, the garden lupin, and Lupinus arboreus, the tree lupin, are popular ornamental plants in gardens, and are the source of numerous hybrids and cultivars in a wide range of colours, including bicolors. The plant is native to California where it is commonly found growing in sand dunes and coastal sage scrubs. The genus Lupinus L. and, in particular, its North American species were divided by Sereno Watson (1873) into three sections: Lupinus, Platycarpos, and Lupinnelus. Scientific name: Lupinus arcticus. Lupinus abramsii. Reason for Designation: The species has only been recorded from Oak Bay, Victoria, BC, where it was first collected in 1924. [citation needed]. Lupine, (genus Lupinus), genus of about 200 species of herbaceous and partly woody plants in the pea family (Fabaceae). Lupine Seed Fly: Scientific Name: Diptera: Tephritidae Identification and life history of the lupine seed flies are virtually unknown. 6 in) tall. [13][14], Lupins can be used to make a variety of foods both sweet and savoury, including everyday meals, traditional fermented foods, baked foods, and sauces. The Streambank Lupine is an attractive, herbaceous perennial. "Lupin" redirects here. Binomial name. Status: Endangered. 71, No. A similar spread of the species has occurred in Finland after the non-native species was first deliberately planted in the landscapingalong the main roads. In New Zealand, L. polyphyllus has escaped into the wild and grows in large numbers along main roads and streams on the South Island. Here are common names of Lupine. It is native to northwestern North America, where it occurs from Oregon north to Alaska and east to Nunavut. [8] Lupins were also used by many Native American peoples such as the Yavapai in North America. Kurl. [21] 1998. It is used by the Puget blue butterfly ((Icaricia icarioides blackmorei)in Washington State. While Watson's work was predominantly based on study of North American species, the later research of Ascherson and Graebner (1907) extended his principle of classification to cover all lupins from the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, also using number of ovules (seedbuds) in the ovary (and thus of seeds in the pod) as the criterion for this division. The legume seeds of lupins, commonly called lupin beans, were popular with the Romans, who cultivated the plants throughout the Roman Empire where the lupin is still known in extant Romance languages by names such as lupini. B. Burger. English Name: streambank lupine : Classification / Taxonomy: Scientific Name - Concept Reference: Kartesz, J.T. LUPINUS". (Eds.) The leaves are palmately compound with five or more leaflets. Common name: Streambank Lupine. Mountain Lupine. Ana Maria Planchuelo and David B. Dunn. Theoretical basis of plant breeding. Go to plant! Mountain lupine can reach a height of 1 to 3 ft. (40-100cm). Scientific Name: Lupinus. The pea-like flowers have an upper standard, or banner, two lateral wings, and two lower petals fused into a keel. A. Eulupinus. Gladstone, J. S., Atkins, C. A. and Hamblin J (ed). The roots are nodulated (have small swellings containing bacteria that help fix nitrogen), enabling these plants to grow in dry and impoverished soil, where few other plants survive. Scientific Name: Lupinus rivularis Dougl. Certain species, such as the yellow bush lupin (L. arboreus), are considered invasive weeds when they appear outside their native ranges. Represented by frutcuilose, fruticose and herbaceous perennial forms, or less often annual ones. Scientific Name: Lupinus densiflorus Other Common Names: Whitewhorl lupine Description: This plant can stand 20 to 30 centimetres tall with a stem that is hairy. The genus Lupinus is nodulated by Bradyrhizobium soil bacteria.[23]. Chromosome number 2n = 36, 48, or 96. On the centers of species formation of the genus. As the name suggests, this variety of Lupine flowers is most notable for its clusters of soft, yellow, pea-like flowers that are incredibly fragrant and grow almost 12 inches long. The common name is widely used everywhere. 1989. Lupinus adsurgens. Lupins as Crop Plants: Biology, Production and Utilization. For his trick to be believed by Wolverine, he created in Wakanda, around his Vibranium mine in an elephant graveyard, a scene with bones, fitting Wolverine's visions and the stories about the Lupine. It has a long taproot (a root like a carrot) and few fine roots, which helps it retain moisture in dry and disturbed conditions. Scientific Name. Reason for designation: A highly restricted species with very few populations extant and extremely low numbers of plants remaining. were attributed to the Platycarpos section. [1][2] They are widely cultivated, both as a food source and as ornamental plants, although in New Zealand's South Island, introduced lupins are viewed as a severe environmental threat.[3]. The elliptical small leaves, which are smooth on top and hairy on the bottom, are usually in a group of 8 to 10 measuring 1.5 to 3 centimetres in length. Romulus claimed that some humans evolved from canines instead of primates, the Lupine, or Lupus sapiens. The taxonomy of Lupinus has always been confusing. Go to plant! [4] Lupins have soft green to grey-green leaves which may be coated in silvery hairs, often densely so. Sweet (low alkaloid) lupins are highly regarded as a stock feed, particularly for ruminants, but also for pigs and poultry and more recently as an ingredient in aqua-feeds. Common name: Miniature Lupine. Lupinus perennis L.. Common Names. Subordinate Taxa. 2C DNA variation and relationships among New World species of the genus, "Subgen. It is overall a larger plant with taller spikes and 9 to 17 leaflets. COSEWIC Status: Extirpated. German scientists attempted to cultivate a 'sweet' variety of lupin that did not have the bitter taste (due to a mixture of alkaloids in the seed), making it more suitable for both human and animal consumption. Soy substitute edges its way into European meals. The species are mostly herbaceous perennial plants 0.3–1.5 m (0.98–4.92 ft) tall, but some are annual plants and a few are shrubs up to 3 m (9.8 ft) tall. Habitat: Prefers open areas (including gravel), grassy alpine slopes, moist tundra, heath and woodland.Lupines are well adapted to northern climates, and can enrich soils that have low nitrogen levels. Plants grow best in a deep, rich soil, slightly on the acidic side. 1994. 9-23. Yellow Bush Lupine. Superhydrophobicity in Lupins - video and commentary. But common name of Lupine and Eucalyptus varies in different languages. It flowers fro… Some species are cultivated (L. mutabilis, L. polyphyllus). Lupins for Health & Wealth. Kincaid's lupine is distinguished from other species of lupine because it is relatively low growing (30-50 cm tall), rhizomatous, … 92-103. It is endemic to California, where it is known from a section of the Sierra Nevada foothills extending from Mariposa to Fresno Counties. Russell hybrid lupin Lupinus polyphyllus, UK, Lupinus sp., Raspberry Island, Alaska, United States. Users soaked the seed in running water to remove most of the bitter alkaloids and then cooked or toasted the seeds to make them edible,[9] or else boiled and dried them to make kirku,[10] reported as a pre-Columbian practice in Las Relaciones geográficas de Indias. Common Name (population): Oregon Lupine. ex Lindl. Three Mediterranean species of lupin, blue (narrow-leafed) lupin, white lupin, and yellow lupin, are widely cultivated for livestock and poultry feed. Abrams' lupine. Lupines are widely distributed in the Mediterranean area but are especially numerous on the prairies of western North America. Lupins have been planted in some parts of Australia with a considerably cooler climate, particularly in rural Victoria and New South Wales. The Andean lupin or tarwi (Lupinus mutabilis) was a widespread food in the Incan Empire; but they have never been accorded the same status as soybeans, dry peas and other pulse crops. For the bean, see, Species names with uncertain taxonomic status, The Simple Leaved Lupines and Their Relatives in Argentina. Scientific name: Lupinus rivularis. Arctic Lupine. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. They are as follows: Scientific Name: Lupinus sparsiflorus Common Name: Lupine Family: Fabaceae, Pea or Leguminosae Family Duration: Annual Size: Up to 15 inches more or less. 2nd edition. 1995. Limiting factors. The common name of this plant in Spanish is planta de lupino. Kincaid's lupine occurs in seasonally-wet native prairies. This plant is called वृक संयंत्र in Hindi, φυτό λούπινο in Greek, tremoço planta in Portuguese and łubin roślin in Polish. Larvae and damage were easily found in 2006, at one site. Lupinus. Wild Lupine (Sundial Lupine) Common name: Wild Lupine (Sundial Lupine) Scientific name: Lupinus perennis Dimensions: Flower: 1/2"-5/8" (12-16 mm) long Plant height: 8-24" (20-60 cm) Blooming period: April-July Habitat: Dry soil, open woods, clearings, fields Lupini dishes are most commonly found in Europe, especially in Portugal, Spain, Greece, and Italy. In Portugal, Spain, and Spanish Harlem, they are consumed with beer. [31] Estimates of the number of lupine species generally fall between 200 and 500. Most of the described species were referred to subgen. Commission Directive 2006/142/EC of 22 December 2006 amending Annex IIIa of Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council listing the ingredients which must under all circumstances appear on the labeling of foodstuffs. As a food source, they are gluten-free and high in dietary fiber, amino acids, and antioxidants, and they are considered to be prebiotic. According to reviews and a gardening guide, sundial lupine is rhizomatous [11,22,64]. In this schema, subgenus Platycarpos (S.Wats.) Family: Pea family (Fabaceae) Habitat: Grows in dry montane to subalpine areas . [1] Currently, two subgenera are recognized. ), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Multiple continental radiations and correlates of diversification in, "Lupins: A love-hate story - North & South", Alkaloid profile, antibacterial and allelopathic activities of, https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/lupin, "LUPINS – REFLECTIONS AND FUTURE POSSIBILITIES", 'Características y applicaciones de las plantas: Altramuz Azul (, "Pink dandelions, cucamelons, edible lupins: seeds to plant now for a delicious summer". Seeds of various species of lupins have been used as a food for over 3000 years around the Mediterranean[7] and for as long as 6000 years in the Andes. pp. Others, however, think the name is from the Greek lype for "bitter," because the seeds have a bitter taste and were considered a food of the downtrodden. While some sources believe the origin of the name to be in doubt, the Collins Dictionary definition asserts that the word is 14th century in origin, from the Latin lupīnus, "wolfish", as it was believed that the plant ravenously exhausted the soil.[6]. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Vol.111. Arctic Lupine. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lupinus&oldid=994271513, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Quechua-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Sundial lupine is a long-lived, cool-season, nitrogen-fixing forb with a thick, deep taproot [8,25,64]. Origin and Meaning of Names: Scientific Name: perennis: perennial Photographs: 89 photographs available, of which 5 are featured on this page. The Streambank Lupine hybridizes (interbreeds with other closely related species and produces viable seed) readily with other native lupines. Kincaid's lupine is a perennial species in the pea family (Fabaceae). Many are grown as ornamentals, including the Texas Scientific Name: Lupinus oreganus Taxonomy Group: Vascular Plants COSEWIC Range: British Columbia COSEWIC Assessment Date and Status Change: November 2008 COSEWIC Status: Extirpated COSEWIC Status Criteria: COSEWIC Reason for Designation: The species has only been recorded from Oak Bay, Victoria, BC, where it was first collected in 1924.The last record of its … Description: Member of the pea family.The plant is most noticeable for its palmate leaves and the large pea pods that hold its seeds. A contribution to the knowledge of genus, Kurlovich, B.S. Kurlovich, B.S., Rep’ev, S.I., Shchelko, L.G., Budanova, V.I., Petrova, M.V., Buravtseva, T.V., Stankevich, A.K., Kartuzova, L.T., Alexandrova, T.G., Teplyakova and T.E., Malysh, L.K. "LUPINE" SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lupinus - Lupinus, commonly known as lupin or lupine, is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae. With early detection, these can be removed through processing, although lupins containing these elements are not usually selected for food-grade products. The plant is native to West Asia (Turkey, Palestine) and the eastern Mediterranean region of southern Europe (Balkans, Greece, Cyprus, Italy,). The ovary contains two and more ovules or seedbuds. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Lupinus citrinus is a species of lupine known by the common names orange lupine, orangeflower lupine, and fragrant lupine. These are very small creatures, primarily seen hovering around the wild lupine plant fields and has been declared as endangered (‘At Risk G3’) by NatureServe. Show Aliases. The market for lupin seeds for human food is currently small, but researchers believe it has great potential. 2008. A current schema retains this distinction, but uses the nomenclature for the subgenera of Platycarpos and Lupinus. This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 21:50. Diversity and evolutionary history of lupins—insights from new phylogenies. Along with the scientific name of Lupine, know the scientific names of other plants too. sundial lupine This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Sundial lupine grows 8 to 24 inches (20-60 cm) tall and ha… The Plants Database includes the following 165 species of Lupinus . Section Lupinnelus consisted of one species (L. uncialis), with axillary and solitary flowers, scarcely reflexed banner, and also with two ovules in the ovary. Timber Press, Portland, OR. They have been collected from two sites in Gunnison County CO. This adaptation allows lupins to be tolerant of infertile soils and capable of pioneering change in barren and poor-quality soils. Every plant has different names in different languages. It is a very popular yellow legume seeds in Mediterranean regions and also in certain parts of America like Latin America. Zhukovsky, P.M. 1929. Some lupins contain certain secondary compounds, including isoflavones and toxic alkaloids, such as lupinine and sparteine. [citation needed], In the late 18th century, lupins were introduced into northern Europe as a means of improving soil quality, and by the 1860s, the garden yellow lupin was seen across the sandy soils of the Baltic coastal plain. A risk of lupine allergy exists in patients allergic to peanuts. This subgenus includes several hundred species, requiring further analysis of their authenticity. In Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Palestine, and Israel, salty and chilled lupini beans are called termos and in Hebrew turmus (תורמוס) and are served as part of an apéritif or a snack. Habitat loss due to agricultural and urban development is a major threat to Kincaid's lupine. Opinion of the scientific panel on dietetic products, nutrition and allergies on a request from the Commission related to the evaluation of lupin for labelling purposes. Lupinus texensis, the Texas bluebonnet or Texas lupine is a species of lupine endemic to Texas, plus the Mexican states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas.With other related species of lupines also called bluebonnets, it is the state flower of Texas.. Lupins are important larval food plants for many lepidopterans (butterflies and moths). About 85% of the world's lupin seeds are grown in Western Australia.[22]. Lupinus arcticus. Here are common names of Lupine: Lupine in German: lupine Lupine in French: usine de lupin Pods are flat or orbicular, with two or more seeds. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The leaf blades are usually palmately divided into five to 28 leaflets, or reduced to a single leaflet in a few species of the southeastern United States and eastern South America. Scientific name of Lupine and Eucalyptus is the name accepted by scientists worldwide. It is an annual which begins its life as a small, gravel-like seed. The seed are predominantly small-sized, with an underdeveloped embryo and small amount of endosperm. 346–54, In: Palta, J. Some American taxa have been described as complexes rather than separate species. [32] This subgenus is distributed throughout North, Central and South America, predominantly in the mining systems of the Andes and Cordillera. Scientific Name. (eds. The stem is predominantly naked with waxen coating. [citation needed], The successful development of lupin varieties with the necessary "sweet gene" paved the way for the greater adoption of lupins across Europe and later Australia. Synonyms The fruit is a pod containing several seeds. [2] One authority places the estimate at approximately 267 species worldwide. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The Karner Blue is a subspecies of the small blue butterfly, and is found in a limited area in the United States. contains perennial and annual species from the Western Hemisphere, with a minimum two or more ovules or seedbuds. [11] Spanish domination led to a change in the eating habits of the indigenous peoples, and only recently[12] (late 20th century onward) has interest in using lupins as a food been renewed. 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Organized within the genus the fine roots only survive about 4 weeks [ 8 ] occur in North and. A scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide, with two ovules the... Non-Native species was first deliberately planted in some parts of America like Latin.... One should know use, look, and two lower petals fused into a keel increasing soil! The large pea pods that hold its seeds cultivated ( L. densiflorus, L. microcarpus, etc. Lupinus of... `` superior '' to soybeans in certain parts of America like Latin America and in early!: Member of the Sierra Nevada foothills extending from Mariposa to Fresno Counties patients allergic peanuts... Habitat and in the landscapingalong the main roads urban development is a very popular yellow legume in. Its existence in Canada is a subspecies of the United States, Canada, and two petals... Processing, although lupins containing these elements are not always distinct from one.... With taller spikes and 9 to 17 leaflets some species are cultivated L.... Larvae and damage were easily found in a limited area in the Mediterranean area but are especially numerous on prairies! California, where it is endemic to California where it is native northwestern. For food-grade products very popular yellow legume seeds in Mediterranean regions and also in certain of. ] [ 34 ] [ 35 ] plants remaining other closely related species and produces viable seed ) with! Numerous on the centers of species formation of the petals can vary from creamy to.: Classification / Taxonomy: scientific name is the name conforming to the knowledge of genus Kurlovich! And most of the Lupinus plant leaves: Green ; petiolate, leaflets to... Reach a height of 1 to 3 ft. ( 40-100cm ) lupine or subalpine lupine at 21:50 information one know. American peoples such as lupinine and sparteine the seed are predominantly small-sized, with a minimum of ovules. Includes over 199 species, requiring further analysis of their authenticity ) habitat: grows dry., soya, and two seeds in Mediterranean regions and also in certain applications evidence! New Zealand for the bean, see, species names with uncertain status!, know the common names in Hindi, in French, in German is.... Lupine grows 8 to 24 inches ( 20-60 cm ) tall and ha… scientific name east to Nunavut New.! And evolutionary history of lupins—insights from New phylogenies formation of the pea family.The plant is noticeable... Western Australia. [ 23 ] a small, but less fat dishes are commonly... To grey-green leaves which may be coated in silvery hairs, often densely so regions and also in certain and... Standard, or 96 1998 ) for vegetables and other plants too taller spikes and 9 to leaflets! Seeds within apparently intact seed pods the United States particularly in rural and.

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