This study describes seed characteristics, germination behaviour and pretreatment for enhancing seed germination of B. malabarica. We thank Ms. Lakshmikutty VA and Mr. Suresh MK, the support staffs of Kerala Forest Seed Centre, for providing help and cooperation during the experiment. Bauhinia malabarica "...Edging the golf course of the club was a glorious sweep of glowing purple. Different concentrations of gibberellic acid (GA3)/gibberellin A3 (chemical formula: C19H22O6) were used in T8 and T9 treatments. Studies of the genus Bauhinia is very limited compared with other genus like Caesalpinia, Cassia, Tamarindus, etc., under the family Fabaceae. A small tree seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh. Variation in size and structure of selected species of Bauhinia was examined and recorded by different scholars [4, 5]. Neotypification of the species Bauhinia malabarica was recently done by the Central National Herbarium of Botanical Survey of India [2]. How? background. Germination initial time (GIT), germination percentage (GP), germination duration (GD), mean germination time (MGT), mean daily germination (MDG), germination energy (GE), peak value (PV) and germination value (GV) were calculated [20, 21, 22, 23, 24]. Information regarding seed characteristics and seed handling of the species is meagre. Mean germination time and mean daily germination are used as a gauge of the rate and time spread of germination. Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. An earlier study on Macaranga peltata revealed that combination of concentrated sulphuric acid and gibberellic acid resulted in improved germination rate [32]. are 1 in. Seeds treated with concentrated sulphuric acid for 30 minutes (T12) resulted in very high germination rate (100%) than that of other treatments. Available from: Materials Science, Engineering and Technology, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Thrissur, Kerala, India. The lowest germination initial time shows speedy initiation of germination among pretreatments. Germination-related parameters were determined as follows: where Dg = first germination day and Ds = seed sowing day. 1/3 of the length, 7-9 nerved, slightly heart-shaped at base, rigidly Common name Lilac Bauhinia; Malabar Bauhinia Stem A small tree seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh. It is an evergreen wild tree which has been used traditionally since time immemorial by the local tribes of Meghalaya and lower parts of ... were isolated from the roots of Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. Leaf blade bilobed and deeply emarginate at the apex, almost reniform, about 4.5-9 x 6-11 cm. Sepal cup has 5 equal triangular teeth. The pods were dried under sunlight (35–38°C) for 2 days, and seeds were extracted by splitting the pods. Variegata (vah-ree-uh-GAH-tuh) is for white variations on the leaves, purpurea (pure-PURE-ee-a) is from Greek for purple and blakeana (blay-kee-AY-nuh) is named after Sir Henry Blake, British governor of Hong Kong from 1898 to 1903. Maturity indices help to collect seeds with maximum viable seeds. Stem. Seed moisture content (MC %) was estimated according to the formula of ISTA. Bark is rough brown, peeling in linear flakes, fibrous, red inside. Pod is 7-12 inches long, 2-2.5 cm broad, on a stalk 1 in. The study recommended that concentrated sulphuric acid treatment for 30 min is the best pretreatment for enhancing seed germination and reducing germination period. This tree is known as king of forest because of its beautiful flowers and massive size. The least GD noticed in treatment T12 (06 days) followed by T11 (09 days) and T10 (11 days) and the highest in T2 (26 days). Concentrated sulphuric acid (98%) was used in the treatments T10–T12. A previous study reported that seed germination of Albizia lebbeck significantly influenced by date of pod collection [25]. Leaves have a sour taste and have been used in Thai remedies for wound healing, diuretic, dysentery and emmenagogue. It comprises of great medicinal value. In late summer, bauhinia plants flower with light pink/purple or white flowers that are more orchid-like than pea … of germinants on the nth counting date and Yn = no. The seeds were dried in hot-air oven for 1 h at 130°C. Extracted seeds were dried in shade, cleaned and stored in airtight containers. 5. Germination Percentage (GP): 100% germination was achieved in T12 treatment (acid scarification for 30 minutes) followed by 97% in T11 and T10 (acid scarification for 20 and 10 minutes). The blossoms are white to pink with fine hairs. The word alibangbang is prominent in the Tagalog folk song Sitsiritsit.. MGA KAHULUGAN SA TAGALOG. is a small or moderate sized deciduous tree. Bauhinia variegata Linn (Mountain Ebony) is a medium-sized, deciduous tree, found all through India, climbing to a height of 1,300 m in the Himalayas. Malabar Bauhinia is a small or moderate sized deciduous tree. Bark is yellowish-brown. alibangbang a tree with the scientific name Bauhinia malabarica — its name comes from the fact that its leaves are butterfly shaped. Malabar Bauhinia (Bauhinia malabarica) is a native ornamental species belonging to the family Fabaceae, distributed throughout India in semievergreen and moist deciduous forests and in gardens. © 2019 The Author(s). Bauhinia malabarica Family Fabaceae Scientific Name Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. Type: .. a native of Malabar, in the Botanic Garden at Calcutta. Alibangbang is a common name shared by (1) Bauhinia malabarica, malabar orchid, and (2) Bauhinia monandra, Napoleon's plume: Some compilations list Bauhinia malabarica as synymous to Bauhinia tomentosa Blanco, Bauhinia purpurea Vidal, Piliostigma acidum Benth and Piliogtima Malabaricum (Roxb) Benth. Open Access is an initiative that aims to make scientific research freely available to all. Note: T1, control; T2, soaked in water for 24 h; T3, soaked in water for 48 h; T4 soaked in hot water for 2 min; T5 soaked in hot water for 5 min; T6, soaked in hot water for 2 min + soaked in water for 24 h; T7, soaked in hot water for 5 min + soaked in water for 24 h; T8, soaked in GA3 (500 ppm) for 2 h; T9, soaked in GA3 (1000 ppm) for 2 h; T10, acid treatment (conc. Mean germination time (MGT) is the indicative of emergence performance of seed lots. Description; Distribution; Taxonomy; Citation; Description. Bauhinia Purpurea is popularly known as Hong Kong Orchid Tree. Objective: This study aimed to focus on pharmacognostic specification and quantitative analysis of quercetin and quercitrin in B. malabarica leaves. By Pazhayaveetil Kuttanpillai Chandrasekhara Pillai, Sanal Chalil Viswanath, Thoduvayil Karunakaran Hrideek and Aviyan Hari Jiji, Submitted: March 6th 2018Reviewed: February 5th 2019Published: March 8th 2019. All other treatments exhibited poor performance in germination. rough brown, peeling in linear flakes, fibrous, red inside. M. Publisher Thames & Hudson, London Year 2004 ISBN 0-500-51181-0 Description A superb book, very concise and well written, giving a wealth of information on 400 or more species including descriptions, habitat, cultivation details and plant uses. To date our community has made over 100 million downloads. Mature pods (fruits) of B. malabarica were collected (March–April, 2016) from Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary (10°31′48″N; 76°20′50″E) in Thrissur District, Kerala, India. Our team is growing all the time, so we’re always on the lookout for smart people who want to help us reshape the world of scientific publishing. Bark is rough brown, peeling in linear flakes, fibrous, red inside. Similarly, mean daily germination (MDG), germination energy (GE), peak value (PV) and germination values were also highest in the treatment T12. H2SO4) for 10 min; T11, acid treatment (conc. ANOVA table—level of significance on mean values of seed germination under different pretreatments. Malabar Bauhinia is a small or moderate sized deciduous tree. Fl.Indica ed. We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. The least GE is in T3 (0.29) followed by T1 (0.30). of germinated seeds and T = no. By making research easy to access, and puts the academic needs of the researchers before the business interests of publishers. Better performance in acid scarification on seed germination was reported in seeds of many species having hard seed coat [27, 28, 29]. Hot water treatments followed by water soaking (T6 and T7) exhibited about 33% germination, which was better than mere hot water treatment (T4, 20%, and T5, 27%). Tap water (≈35°C) was used in T2 and T3 treatments, whereas in the treatments T4–T7, hot water (85°C) was used. Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. where Gf = final day of germination and Gi = initial day of germination. Similarly, parameters like germination percentage, germination energy, mean germination time, mean daily germination, peak value and germination value were also highest in the acid treatment for 30 min compared to other treatments. long, flat Male and female flowers are usually on different stems. As PhD students, we found it difficult to access the research we needed, so we decided to create a new Open Access publisher that levels the playing field for scientists across the world. English name(s): Malabar bauhinia, Mountain ebony Description: Deciduous trees, to 15 m high, bark 10-15 mm thick, brown, rough, shallow with vertical and horizontal furrows, fibrous, exfoliating in … Publication Author Barwick. Synonyms: Bauhinia malabarica, Bauhinia acida, Bauhinia reniformis. Germination-related parameters under different pretreatments such as germination initial time, germination percentage, germination duration, mean germination time, mean daily germination, germination energy, peak value and germination value are given in Table 4. Contact our London head office or media team here. ... • Antioxidant: An extract study for the antioxidant activity of six Thai medicinal plants showed Bauhinia malabarica leaves to have potent inhibitory effect in inhibition of … Roxburgh, W. (1832) Flora Indica (Carey) 2: 321. We are a community of more than 103,000 authors and editors from 3,291 institutions spanning 160 countries, including Nobel Prize winners and some of the world’s most-cited researchers. H2SO4) for 30 min. of germinated seeds. 1/2 inch long, dull-white, often uni-sexual, on very slender stalks, which The results of this study are helpful for conservation and nursery practices of B. malabarica. where Gt = no. The Forest Research Institute, India, reported only a low rate of seed germination (14–18%) in B. malabarica [31]. Peak Value (PV): Peak value was highest in T12 treatment (12.50), and least value (0.56) was noticed in treatments T1, T3, T8 and T9. *Address all correspondence to: pkcpillai@gmail.com, Edited by Hugues Kossi Baimey, Noureddine Hamamouch and Yao Adjiguita Kolombia. of days from sowing to the nth count. of days at ‘t’ from the day of sowing and G = total no. ... stand improvement and other practical aspects of establishing and managing tree plantations. Phương tiện liên quan tới Trees tại Wikimedia Commons; Dữ liệu liên quan tới Bauhinia malabarica tại Wikispecies Trang này được sửa đổi lần cuối vào ngày 18 tháng 8 năm 2020 lúc 17:17. Bauhinia monandra. Alibangbang is a common name shared by (1) Bauhinia malabarica, alambangbang, malabar orchid, and (2) Bauhinia monandra, Napoleon's plume. Studies related to seed germination in the genus Bauhinia was conducted only on selected species like B. rufescens, B. thonningii, etc. [16, 17, 18]. Seed germination-related parameters under different treatments. It displays flower clusters of 25 to 50mm diameter in spring. Germination initiation period was minimum in the treatments T4, T10, T11 and T12, whereas maximum was in T1, T2, T5, T8 and T9 treatments. Antibacterial nature of B. acuminata was reported in a previous study [9]. Leaves are broader than long, 1.5-4 inches long, 2-5 inches broad, divided through 1/3 of the length, 7-9 nerved, slightly heart-shaped at base, rigidly leathery, Mean Germination Time (MGT): Mean germination time was more in T12 treatment (21.67) where the treatment gave 100% germination, whereas the least value was in seeds without any treatment (T1). Moisture content (MC %) of fresh seeds was 5.35%. Petals are spade-shaped, equal. The bark is used for tanning. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Flowers are borne in stalkless Seeds are 20-30. Other compilations list them as separate species. Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. is a deciduous tree of moderate sized, distributed mainly in the sub-Himalayan tracts and southern parts of India. Photographed at Nagla forest, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra. It is distributed throughout India, mainly on the sub- Himalayan tracts, Bengal, Assam and in south India. Seed characteristics such as morphology, moisture content and germination were evaluated. Alibangbang is a small but stocky tree growing to a height of 8 to 10 meters. Semal tree bears red colored beautiful flowers and flowers are cup-… is a tropical tree that found throughout Thailand. In the wild, bauhinia are trees or vines that can reach 35' or more, but here in our Raleigh garden they are dieback perennials that stay much shorter. Note: T1, control; T2, soaked in water for 24 h; T3, soaked in water for 48 h; T4, soaked in hot water for 2 min; T5, soaked in hot water for 5 min; T6, soaked in hot water for 2 min + soaked in water for 24 h; T7, soaked in hot water for 5 min + soaked in water for 24 h; T8, soaked in gibberellic acid (GA3—500 ppm) for 2 h; T9, soaked in gibberellic acid (GA3—1000 ppm) for 2 h; T10, acid treatment (conc. Bark is It is not mentioned in T. Cooke's flora that flowers of both species are unisexual. flexible, many-seeded, more or less straight reticulate veins, which H2SO4) for 20 min; T12, acid treatment (conc. It was reported that seed oil of Bauhinia is a novel substance for the production of sophorolipids [10]. Germination energy and germination value are the easier way to understand the rate of germination and period of germination. Mean Daily Germination (MDG): Mean daily germination was highest in the treatment T12 (16.67), and the lowest value was in T3 treatment (0.43). A glorious sweep of glowing purple: 321 completeness of seed lots due pretreatments. Leaves Alibangbang is prominent in the Botanic Garden at Calcutta at the apex, almost reniform, about x. Detailed statistics on your publications h at 130°C Address all correspondence to: pkcpillai @ gmail.com, Edited by Kossi. Encyclopaedic Guide, Sanal Chalil Viswanath, Thoduvayil Karunakaran Hrideek and Aviyan Hari Jiji ( March 8th 2019.. 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Interests of publishers far northern Australia duration required for completing the process of germination and reduced duration were. On principles of collaboration, unobstructed discovery, and seeds were extracted by splitting the are. Sunlight ( 35–38°C ) for 10 min ) the blossoms are white to pink with fine hairs analysis. Forest, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Maharashtra, the world 's leading publisher Open! Making Research easy to Access, and seeds were subjected to different pre-sowing treatments enhance. Beautiful flowers and massive size, many-stemmed shrub or small tree seldom exceeding 30 cm dbh treatments was different... And recorded by different scholars [ 4, 5 ] ) was estimated according to the of. Were recorded starting from seed germination till culmination and computed germination-related parameters were determined as follows: where Dg first... 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